How Exercise Can Affect Fertility and Menstrual Cycle


The menstrual phase of a woman's reproductive cycle is generally known to her. What about the other three stages of the female reproductive cycle—when it occurs, how long it lasts, and how it affects their bodies? The monthly cycle of hormones has an impact on a variety of things, including emotions, energy levels, appetite, and much more.


There are four stages to the female reproductive cycle, and knowing what each stage entails might be crucial while attempting to conceive or even when considering fertility treatment. In fact, having this knowledge can assist one comprehend their general health in a very useful way.


The four phases—menstrual, follicular, ovarian, and luteal—are covered in this page along with details on each one's typical duration, symptoms, and function, as well as basic exercises that can be useful to keep up a healthy level of physical activity in each period.


Four Phases of the Menstrual Cycle

The duration and symptoms of each phase can differ depending on the person.


1. Menstrual Phase: The menstrual phase, or period in most cases, is the first phase of the female cycle. Your body's estrogen and progesterone levels will drop if an egg is left unfertilized. During this stage, the tissue lining the uterus' interior—which was created to nourish a fertilised egg—is lost from the body since it is no longer required, which causes bleeding.


2. Follicular Phase: The menstrual phase and the follicular phase coincide. Follicle-stimulating hormone is released from the body by the pituitary gland in the brain (FSH). FSH encourages the growth of viable eggs by causing follicles to form inside the ovaries.


Additional hormones are released once the follicle reaches maturity, and these hormones are what lead to the development of the uterine lining's soft tissue. Once the lining from the previous cycle has been lost, this lining forms and aids in supporting a fertilised egg for a successful pregnancy.


3. Ovulation Phase: Estrogen levels rise throughout the follicular phase. Luteinizing hormone (LH) is subsequently released, starting the ovulation process. Every month, ovulation takes place. One of the ovaries releases an egg during ovulation. Following its release from the ovary, the egg passes through the fallopian tube, where it may or may not be fertilised by a sperm cell.


4. Luteal Phase: Several hormones, including progesterone and oestrogen, are released as a result of the release of an egg. The uterine lining is kept prepared to support a fertilised egg by the hormones generated during ovulation.

A fertilised egg moves to the uterus, where it will implant along the lining, after being fertilised. To keep the uterine lining alive, human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) will be released.


Exercise and Menstrual Cycle and its Relation with Fertility


When it comes to physical activity, paying attention to your body is crucial. You might find it simpler to create a regular workout schedule that takes your menstrual cycle into account if you have a better grasp of how it affects you. There can sometimes be too much of a good thing, so practise moderation. Overexertion can have a substantial impact on fertility.


Exercises for Each Phase of the Menstrual Cycle


Has cycle syncing ever crossed your mind? There aren't many research that back up this concept, which has been patented. However, gaining a deeper comprehension of how your body reacts throughout the reproductive cycle can help you develop healthier behaviours and a better relationship with yourself.


How Should You Workout During Your Period?


The most beneficial exercise during this stage may be light motions. Unwind and recuperate. Maybe take a stroll around the neighbourhood or attempt some moderate yoga.


What Type of Exercise Should You Do During the Follicular Phase?


Since estrogen and progesterone are relatively low because this phase immediately follows the menstrual phase, one may feel less energetic. Try some easy cardio at this time.


What Type of Exercise Should You Do During the Ovulation Phase?


In general, energy levels peak around ovulation. You might wish to choose more intense workouts at this time.


What Type of Exercise Should You Do During the Luteal Phase?


The body is currently getting ready for another menstruation. There might not be much energy. Investigate low- to moderate-intensity exercise.


Pertinent Ovulation Facts


Ovulation is necessary for a menstrual cycle to occur. Although it can sometimes affect fertility, exercise is essential for maintaining excellent health. Excessive exercise may alter a person's hormones in such a way as to interfere with ovulation. Though in moderation, exercising frequently is an excellent notion to keep good health. Discover what feels right for you by tuning into your body.


Monitor Your Cycle to Boost Fertility


We recommend that you constantly monitor your own cycle because timing is crucial for pregnancy and these durations can be generally telling. With the aid of this knowledge, a fertility specialist can assist you in starting a family by identifying hormone imbalances associated with general health problems.